About Nepal

Nepal's Culture is Greatly Influenced by its Music, Architecture, Religion and Literature. Your first sight of Nepal may leave you Speechless, the great quantities of Temples, Churches, Monasteries and Other Religious Buildings, the hurly - burly in the streets and the number of people and animals socializing on every corner of the narrow cobble - stone lanes. Nepal has many customs and beliefs that might be difficult to understand and not so easy to obey but this is the way of life to them and you should respect it when you are in their territory. Around 80% area of Nepal is mountainous and covers an area of 147,181 sq km. The only flat land in Nepal is Terai, at the height of 100 meters above sea level. And most people prefer to live in the lowlands where agriculture is possible. Nepal is the most famous tourist destination for adventure sports and adventure tours in Asia with adventure sports like white water rafting, kayaking, mountain biking etc. Tourism is the largest industry in Nepal. The topography of this Himalayan Kingdom makes it the first choice for adventure tours. Nepal is home to Mountain Everest, the Highest Mountain peak in the World at the height of 8848 meters and Kanchenjunga, the third Highest Mountain peak in the World. The thrill of climbing the highest peak in the world attracts number of climbers from all over the world to Nepal. Besides mountaineering, large numbers of tourists visit Nepal every year for religious & cultural tours as Nepal has number of highly revered temples of both Hindus and Buddhists.

Nepal is located between two-giant nations India in the south, east and west and China in the north. It is multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-culture country. According to the Census of 2001 (so far the latest one) the population of Nepal makes up of 106 castes/ethnic groups, 10 different regions and 100-mother tongues speakers. As well Nepal is very famous for arcealogical and cultural researcher, this is one of the evident on how diverse the country is.

Similarly, Nepal is the home of the eight-highest mountains above 8,000 m. (out of 14 in the world), including the highest mountains in the earth and over 1300 mountains above 6,000 m, as many as 400 mountains of these are so far opened for operating any sorts adventurous sports. These all the mountains can be explored through the well-developed trekking trails.

Not just mountain alone, Nepal has many more to offer from steamy jungle in the plain lands, mighty white-water rafting to the diverse flora and fauna and many more. A data shows that Nepal is home to 2 percent of all the flowering plants in the world, home to over 850 species of birds and over 500 species of butterflies, over 600 indigenous plant families, over 320 exotic orchids and many more. These fact are explicit enough how diverse Nepal is what it can offer to any travelers from around the world.

Nepal in brief

Location: Between India and the Tibetan autonomous region of the Republic of China

Area: 147,181 square kilometer

Capital: Kathmandu

Location: Situated between China in the north and India in the south, east and west

Population: 25.8 million

People: Nepal has more than 106 ethnic/caste groups and 100 spoken languages.

Language: Nepali is the national language; people involved in travel and trade understand and speak English as well.

Religion: Nepal is a secular state with predominance of Hindu and Buddhist population.

Political System: Federal Democratic Republic

Climate: Nepal has four major seasons (1) winter: December-February, (2) spring: March-May, (3) summer: June-August, (4) autumn: September-November. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.

How to get into Nepal

By air:

Nepal Airlines is the national flag carrier of Nepal with flights to/from Delhi, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Osaka. Other international airlines operating from/to Kathmandu are Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air China (Lhasa, Chengdu), Biman Bangladesh (Dhaka), China Southern Airlines (Guanzhou), Cosmic Air (Delhi, Varanasi), Dragon Air (Hong Kong), Druk Air (Delhi, Paro), Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi), GMG Airlines (Dhaka), Gulf Air (Bahrain, Muscat), Indian Airlines (Delhi, Kolkotta, Varanasi), Jet Airways (Delhi), Jet Lite (Delhi), Korean Air (Seoul), Pakistan International Airlines (Karachi), Qatar Airways (Doha), Silk Air (Singapore), Thai Airways (Bangkok).

By land: All visitors coming to Nepal by land must enter only through one of these entry points (1) Kakarbhitta (2) Birgunj (3) Belhiya, Bhairahawa (4) Nepalgunj (5) Dhangadi and (6) Mahendranagar in the Nepal-India border and (7) Kodari in the Nepal-China border. The overland tourists entering the country with their vehicles must possess an international carnet or complete customs formalities.

Do not trek alone. There have been numerous disappearances of solo trekkers in recent years. Always hire a guide or trek with other people. There are online forums where travelers can look for fellow-trekkers. This applies to everyone but especially women that are travelling single – they seem to more vulnerable. Always communicate your travel plans to your next of kin.

Food safety - Avoid water that is not bottled or boiled. Avoid raw vegetables and pre-cut fruit as much as possible.

Even though Nepal is known for its pristine environment and beauty – not the highways and major city streets. They are crowded with traffic, full of smoke and bumpy and dusty. Hence travelling on a bicycle or a motorbike for the most part is not advisable. There are some off-road mountain bike trails that are ok to do.

Do not give money to beggars that you see on the streets. Even though they look pitiful, your giving away of money encourages them only to beg for more. If you really care support one of many charity organizations working in Nepal .

Be sure to exchange back all the Nepalese currencies before you leave. They are not accepted (or even exchanged for that matter) outside of Nepal . Besides, taking currency out of the country is against the law.

Do not touch someone’s head or sit showing the bottom of your feet towards them. It is considered rude.

Do not fully rely on schedules and times that are committed to you whether in verbal or written while you are in Nepal . They may not commence in time as stated or committed and may end up disrupting all your subsequent schedule. Have time buffer as much as you can between your major plans and activities, especially if you have a hard stop date that you need to fly out by.

Always be alert/aware of “Bandhs” (Strikes – where no transportation is allowed) as they can alter all your travel plans substantially.

Do not assume that “ganja” (marijuana) is legal in Nepal . It is not. Even though it is a common weed on hillsides you can get in trouble for picking it and carrying it for consumption purpose.

Do not assume that when a Nepali says “yes” or shakes the head in affirmation that it is a done deal or they agree with you. Re-confirm using simplest of words but being as direct as possible to make sure.

Stay away from dance bars in KTM and PKR. These are tourist traps where they scam you on buying alcohol and food at much inflated prices. Some of these places have a history of intimidation and violence.

If you are planning to apply for the Visa at the airport, make sure to have passport size photo available. Plan B is to have your photo taken at the booth at the airport.

All nightlife pretty much ends by 10 pm with only a few places around the Thamel area that may stay open a little later.

Bring a universal plug and voltage adapter kit for your Electronics. Nepal uses 220V.

Keep in mind that there may be an entrance fee to some of the common temples and public areas applicable only to foreigners ranging anywhere from 250R's - 700R's.

Always have some tissue paper and hand sanitizer with you at all times – and note that some of the toilets may require squatting.

Insist for a Running Meter in the Taxi. After 10 PM you do pay double of the meter fare however – that’s the commonly accepted norm.

Avoid displaying food around monkeys around temples, as they are used to snatching it.

Support the NON-Plastic Initiative, please limit your use of plastic items, and help make Nepal a better place.

Festival : 2019

Losar : Feb 05

Shivratri : March 04

Bisket Jatra : April 14

Ropain (Rice planting festival)Ropain (Rice planting festival) : Late June Early July

Teej : September 01

Yenya : September 12

Dashain : September 29

Chhath Parva : November 02

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